Thursday, July 10, 2008

SQL Server 2008 – Table Locking enhancement

In SQL Server 2008 ALTER TABLE statement, you can find a new option called SET LOCK_ESCALATION. This is one of the enhancement in Locking in SQL Server 2008. This option can have three value, Auto,Table, Disable

Specifies the allowed methods of lock escalation for a table.

This option allows SQL Server Database Engine to select the lock escalation granularity that is appropriate for the table schema.
• If the table is partitioned, lock escalation will be allowed to the heap or B-tree (HoBT) granularity. After the lock is escalated to the HoBT level, the lock will not be escalated later to TABLE granularity.
• If the table is not partitioned, the lock escalation will be done to the TABLE granularity.

Lock escalation will be done at table-level granularity regardless whether the table is partitioned or not partitioned. This behavior is the same as in SQL Server 2005. TABLE is the default value.

Prevents lock escalation in most cases. Table-level locks are not completely disallowed. For example, when you are scanning a table that has no clustered index under the serializable isolation level, Database Engine must take a table lock to protect data integrity.

Note : If you use partitions then After you create a partitioned table, consider setting the LOCK_ESCALATION option for the table to AUTO. This can improve concurrency by enabling locks to escalate to partition (HoBT) level instead of the table. For more information

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